Articoli

Fr

The value relevance of earnings and book value across the EU. A comparative Analysis

This paper aims to investigate whether the value relevance of accounting amounts differs across nations depending on the country characteristics identified by Nobes (2008) and Nobes and Parker (2010) that is the source of funds, the legal system and the fiscal legislation that led them to identify, in the EU, the so-called strong-equity and the weak-equity countries. Because of the different disclosure needs, our hypothesis is that insiders, within the strong-equity countries, disclose more relevant information than in weak-equity countries. To test this hypothesis, we analysed a sample including all the listed entities belonging to the EU at the time of the issuance of EU Regulation 1606/2002. The sample covered the period of 2006-2011 and included 16,513 firm-year observations. Our sample selection strategy allowed us to include entities required to comply with the same accounting standards (IAS/IFRS), so our findings do not depend on differences between requirements of different standard setters. Comparatively, our findings demonstrate that the value relevance of accounting amounts not only is higher in strong-equity countries than in weak-equity countries – validating our research hypothesis – but also that it is not driven by specific firms’ characteristics that are the size, the future growth opportunity and the source of funds of the single entity.

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Keywords: Value relevance, weak-equity countries, strong-equity countries, IFRS.

Fr

Assessing value relevance of comprehensive income in European banks and other financial institutions

The IAS/IFRS compliant groups have been disclosing comprehensive income since 2009, when the IAS 1-revised became effective. This paper aims to investigate the value relevance of comprehensive income and its components in European banks and other financial institutions. The research has been developed by having a sample of 166 European listed groups whose data have been collected in the 2009, 2010 and 2011 (498 firm-year observations) consolidated financial statements. In contrast to previous findings, related to all the sectors, our research highlights a higher value relevance of comprehensive income in respect to net income. Moving to the single OCI components, our results suggest that gains and losses on remeasuring available-for-sale financial assets (AFSit) are value relevant in European banks and other financial institutions.

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Keywords: Comprehensive income, net income, value relevance, IAS 1-revised, European listed groups

Fr

Rilevanza ed affidabilità del valore contabile dell’avviamento e dei beni immateriali sul mercato italiano

Il presente lavoro si propone di indagare quale sia la rilevanza e l’affidabilità percepita dal mercato finanziario sul valore espresso nel bilancio d’esercizio sui beni immateriali e l’avviamento delle società quotate. Lo studio ha analizzato le aziende quotate al FTSE Italia All-share, nel periodo fra il 2002 ed il 2008. Attraverso un modello di regressione a più variabili si è verificato che: a) il valore contabile dei beni immateriali e dell’avviamento sono correlati positivamente al valore di mercato del capitale, b) la transizione agli IAS/IFRS non ha comportato un incremento della rilevanza ed affidabilità percepita dal mercato dei beni immateriali e avviamento.

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We examine the value relevance and reliability perceived by the market for goodwill and identifiable intangible assets as reported in the financial statements of a sample of Italian listed companies. The dataset is composed of companies listed on FTSE Italia All-share during the period 2002-2008. Using a multiple regression model, our findings suggest that for the Italian companies the information relating to goodwill and identifiable intangible assets is value relevant in terms of market value. Moreover, we did not find any significant change in the reliability of these items after the introduction of IAS/IFRS.

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Keywords: intangible assets, goodwill, value relevance, reliability, market value, IAS/IFRS

Fr

La value relevance incrementale dell’other comprehensive income rispetto al net income. Un’analisi sulle società quotate in Italia

L’obiettivo principale dello studio è quello di testare l’assunzione, validata da una parte della letteratura, che l’Other Comprehensive Income (OCI) items reporting sia value relevant per gli investitori in misura incrementale, ossia che fornisca loro informazioni aggiuntive rispetto al reddito netto. La rassegna della letteratura evidenzia risultati contraddittori. Gli autori ipotizzano che una delle principali cause dell’inconsistenza dei risultati dipenda dall’utilizzo di dati che si riferiscono a periodi precedenti l’introduzione degli standard contabili sul Comprehensive Income (CI). Di conseguenza, hanno testato l’ipotesi di ricerca utilizzando dati relativi a periodi successivi allo IAS 1 revised 2007, in cui è esplicitamente richiesto alle aziende di presentare le componenti in bilancio. Il campione è costituto dai gruppi quotati alla borsa valori di Milano. L’analisi di regressione fornisce evidenza della value relevance incrementale dell’OCI rispetto al reddito netto.

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The main aim of the article is to test that the Other Comprehensive Income (OCI) is incrementally value relevant for investors with respect to net income. Literature review highlights mixed results. The authors, hypothesizing that one of the main causes of the inconsistency of results is the use of OCI data from the period before implementation of comprehensive income reporting (as if OCI numbers), used in their value relevance regression analysis as reported OCI numbers in the listed companies’ financial accounts. The sample comprehends the groups listed on the Milan Stock Exchange. Our evidence supports the conclusion that the as reported OCI numbers are incrementally value relevant for investors.

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Keywords: value relevance, net income, other comprehensive income, Italy, listed, groups, as reported data.

 

Fr

La rilevazione degli investimenti in R&S e la significatività dell’utile e del capitale netto

La letteratura internazionale ha ampiamente indagato la significatività dell’informativa contabile di bilancio attraverso lo studio delle relazioni tra grandezze di derivazione contabile e valori dei mercati di borsa. A livello internazionale, infatti, si è rilevata una tendenza alla progressiva perdita di significatività delle grandezze di derivazione contabile dovuta, in linea principale, alla mancata e/o insufficiente rilevazione delle risorse immateriali. Nel contesto italiano, però, non si rinvengono studi specifici sull’argomento. Con questo lavoro ci si propone, pertanto, di percorrere questa via procedendo, innanzitutto, ad effettuare un’analisi descrittiva dell’incidenza dei beni e delle attività immateriali nei bilanci delle società italiane quotate. Successivamente, si procederà a fornire elementi empirici al fine di evidenziare la significatività dell’informativa contabile di bilancio. Infine, si procederà a verificare come le differenti modalità di rilevazione degli investimenti in R&S influiscano sulla significatività dell’utile e del capitale netto.

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Accounting literature has widely investigated the informativeness of financial statements through the association between accounting value and market value. Several studies highlighted a tendency to a progressive decline in the value relevance of accounting measures due mainly to the inadequate accounting for intangibles. This paper reports a descriptive analysis of the impact of intangible assets in the financial statements of Italian listed companies. Successively, using multiple regression analysis, it highlights the informativeness of financial statement. Finally, it tests informational consequences of the accounting treatment of R&D on the value relevance of earnings and book value.

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Keywords: value relevance, earnings, book value, stock returns, stock prices, intangible assets, R&D.

Fr

The value relevance of non-financial performance indicators: new cues from the European fashion industry

Intangible assets and related performance measures assume increasing importance in valuation processes. Value relevance studies testify to their importance through an analysis of market stock prices. We aim to examine the value relevance of non-financial indicators in European fashion companies. The indicator selected is the “change in mono-brand stores”. Applying the models proposed by current literature, we have refuted the value relevance hypothesis. However, refining both the “operationalization” of the concepts and the related result analysis procedure, the value relevance is confirmed. In this way, we contribute to increasing the generalizability of this research trend and to fuel the debate concerning the standardization process of this information. In particular, following in the footsteps of the Gartner/EBRC project, supported by AICPA (Gartner-EBRC, 2010), our results can help the national and international standard setters to pinpoint the indicators that really matter for the fashion industry and standardize their communication.
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Keywords: Intangibles, value relevance, financial measures, non-financial measures, fashion industry, mono-brand stores