Articoli

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La valutazione della ricerca tramite indici bibliometrici: riflessioni da una prospettiva economico-aziendale

Research evaluation and bibliometrics: reflections from a business economics perspective

In dependence of the lack of resources and the consequent need to manage better the allocation process, there is a growing interest regarding the issue of research evaluation. In particular, it is possible to notice a more frequent use of bibliometrics and citation-based indexes (impact factor, h-index, eigenfactor, etc.).

The aim of this paper is to analyse to what extent citation-based indexes can be used to evaluate the research in business economics

In order to achieve the abovementioned aim, the paper proposes a review of the main indexes analyzing their pros and cons and then it tries to draw some critical conclusions with reference to the citation behavior and to the used data base. In the last section, the paper proposes some reflections regarding the use of citation-based indexes for evaluating the research in business economics

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Una comparazione internazionale tra i sistemi di valutazione della ricerca scientifica

An international comparison among scientific research assessment systems

This paper critically compares and discusses the periodic scientific research assessment systems of Italy and of four comparable Countries. The four Countries are: United Kingdom, Australia, France and Spain. I discuss the key features of the abovementioned systems, including: the research quality assessment criteria, the reference to international research quality standards, the impact and relevance of the research outside the academia, the consistency of the scientific researcher’s outputs with the scientific discipline and with the hosting institution’s strategy and activities. I conclude with a direct comparison with the Italian system and with some possible proposals for improving the current Italian scientific research assessment framework.

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Una riflessione sugli strumenti bibliometrici per la valutazione della ricerca e una proposta: il real impact factor

The recent exercise of Evaluation of Quality and Research boosted by the Italian Agency for the Evaluation of University and Research has reopened reflections on the evaluation methods, including the bibliometric ones. The purpose of this paper is to analyse the impact factor as the main instrument of bibliometric evaluation, “old” in the field of natural and technological sciences but recently introduced by Law and by the Agency also for business and economic disciplines (Bonaccorsi, 2012). The reflections proposed come to the conclusion that the impact factor is not suitable and then it is proposed a new indicator capable of taking into account the usefulness for all users (both primary and secondary): the real impact factor.

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Valutare la ricerca nella prospettiva europea e internazionale: prime riflessioni

The recent commitment to an evaluation of the quality of research fostered by the ANVUR – Agenzia Nazionale di Valutazione del sistema Universitario e della Ricerca – National Agency for the Evaluation of University and Research (VQR 2004-2010) raised a number of questions about what is important to be assessed, which aspects are worthwhile (e.g. scientific quality, practical impact, internationalization etc.) and which methods and tools for measuring and evaluating are to be used (peer-reviewed journals, impact factors, journal rankings, etc.). (Coda, 2011; Palumbo, 2011; Dalli, 2012; Rebora, 2012; Sostero, 2012). Besides the quality of research strictu sensu, one of the aspects that could be considered in the evaluation is the so-called “impact” of research. Although neglected in the Italian system, this dimension is present, even if with different connotations, in some of the evaluation systems used in other countries (Palumbo, 2011; De Nicolao, 2013th, b; Sargiacomo, 2013). The purpose of this paper is to analyse and systematize the main national and international contributions dealing with the concept of “research impact” in order to propose the first critical reflections.

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Il Public Management e l’Impact Factor depresso

L’articolo analizza i rischi connessi alle modalità di utilizzo degli indici bibliometrici adottate nelle università italiane per la valutazione comparativa della produttività scientifica nell’ambito disciplinare del Public Management. Si propone quindi un sistema alternativo, che tenta di correggere alcuni degli effetti distorsivi generati dalle metodologie attuali.

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The present paper reviews the risks attached to the use of the bibliometric indices currently in use in Italian Universities for the assessment of scientific works in the field of Public Management. The work proposes an alternative way of consolidating journal lists and rankings, which tries to solve some of the negative side effects generated by the ranking methods in use at the moment.

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Key words: Public Management, Impact factor, Research assessment